A regular scale and polish treatment will help to remove disease-causing calculus, plaque and staining. Simply having your teeth professionally cleaned at least every six months will significantly slow down the progress of periodontal (gum) disease. A standard clean takes around 45 minutes.
Gingivitis is the most common form of gum disease caused by plaque. The build-up of plaque irritates and inflames the gums, causing them to swell up and bleed when brushing. Gingivitis is reversible, however if not treated and managed properly gingivitis can worsen over time and develop into periodontal disease. Periodontal disease can cause serious irreversible damage to the gums and bone that supports the teeth and can lead to tooth loss.
Over time plaque calcifies and becomes a hard substance called tartar (see below). Tartar cannot be removed with a toothbrush – the hygienist needs to use specialised instruments such as an ultrasonic scaler to remove this kind of build-up.
Brushing and flossing everyday is essential to prevent gum disease, as well as having regular dental check-ups and hygiene visits. Our hygienist can educate you on how to avoid gum disease and maintain a healthy oral environment.
In some patients, periodontal disease can be more severe. Treatment for a patient with more advanced disease may require several appointments where root debridement is carried out under local anaesthetic. If periodontal disease is not treated, it can lead to the eventual loss of your teeth.
Periodontal disease needs to be maintained, so an appropriate recall system will be put in place to suit each individual’s oral health needs.